Sunday, February 18, 2007

3: The First Consenus

Is there any hadith which speaks of the companions discussing and asserting Jesus' death one way or another? The problem in finding such a hadith is that arguments over death of people long gone, whether it occurred or not, is hardly engaged upon by the sane. Absence of any hadith to this effect in fact points to Jesus' death and not his life. No one, for example, in the year 2006 holds discussion forums on George Washington, the first president of the United States, being alive or dead, which tells us that his disposition is not a subject of interest or argument and all agree that he has died. It would be a poor reflection on someone's intelligence to needlessly labour the point that George Washington has died. Similarly the companions of the Holy Prophetsaw did not hold discussions on the death of Moses, Isaac, Abraham, Noah, Adam and neither did they discuss the dispostion of Jesus simply because they believed him to have died and there was no reason to question it such that it became a topic of interest. There is however one remarkable incident which leaves little doubt as to where they stood on the matter of death of all prophets including Jesus. That incident occurred after the death of the Holy Prophetsaw. He was not yet buried and the companions were in a highly emotional state, many refusing to believe his death. The following narrative is taken from Sahih Bukhari:

Abdullah bin Abbas narrates that when Abu Bakr arrived Umar was addressing the people. He said, “O‘ Umar sit down.” Umar did not sit but people left him and turned thier attention towards Abu Bakr, who then said, “Those amongst you who worshipped Muhammadsaw should know that Muhammadsaw has died. Those who worshipped Allah should be satisfied that Allah is alive and is impervious to suffering death. Allah has said that Muhammadsaw is but a messenger. Verily all Messengers have passed away before him. If then he dies or is slain, will you turn back on your heels? Those among you who turn back on their heels will not harm Allah a whit and Allah will reward those who are thankful.” (Bukhari Kitab-ul-Mughazi Chapter Prophet's illness and death)

In another narration it said that Umarra was in such an agitated state that with his sword drawn he promised to kill anyone who said that the Holy Prophetsaw had died. Abu Bakrra on learning of these disturbing developments removed the covering from Holy Prophet'ssaw face, kissed his forehead, and said that surely Allah would not subject him to two deaths. He understood that Holy Prophetsaw was not going to return. He then gathered everyone in the Masjid-al-Nabwi and recited 3:145:

And Muhammad is but a messenger. Verily all Messengers have passed away before him. If then he dies or is slain, will you turn back on your heels? (3:145)

Those who were in doubt were at once convinced. Umar collapsed to the ground. It is said that it felt like this verse was being revealed for the first time. With great wisdom Abu Bakr had brought the delicate situation under control. This verse was sufficient to prove to all present that Muhammadsaw had passed away like the earlier prophets. If it was the general belief that even one among the earlier prophets was still alive surely Abu Bakr's reasoning would have failed. If khalat did not mean death, Umar could not have been convinced and would have protested and brought up the case of Jesus. On the contrary no one uttered a word of protest and all concluded on the authority of this verse that Muhammadsaw had died like prophets before him.

For a more detail discussion on 3:145 please click here

1 comment:

khushnood said...

S4.A.157:That they said (in boast), "We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah.;- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:-

158. Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise;-

159. And there is none of the People of the Book but must believe in him before his death; and on the Day of Judgment he will be a witness against them;-

the hadith of 100 years speaks of "on this earth"Jesus(PBUH) was and is in heaven(raised up alive).

"All messengers" not "many were the messengers".translate the arabic words many Prophets have been sent for mankind?